Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) is a compound that can be effectively used for water purification and general disinfectant. It is used on a large scale for surface purification, bleaching, odor removal and water disinfection.

Sodium hypochlorite is a clear, slightly yellowish solution with a characteristic odor. Sodium hypochlorite is unstable. Chlorine evaporates at a rate of 0,75 gram active chlorine per day from the solution. Then heated sodium hypochlorite disintegrates. This also happens when sodium hypochlorite comes in contact with acids, sunlight, certain metals and poisonous and corrosive gasses, including chlorine gas. Sodium hypochlorite is a strong oxidator and reacts with flammable compounds and reactors. Sodium hypochlorite solution is a weak base that is inflammable. These characteristics must be kept in mind during transport, storage and use of sodium hypochlorite.


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Uses and applications

Sodium hypochlorite as a disinfectant has the following advantages : It can easily be stored and transported when it is produced on-site. Dosage is simple. Transport and storage of sodium hypochlorite are safe. Sodium hypochlorite is as effective as chlorine gas for disinfection. Fruits and vegetables can be washed with 0.5% Solution to disinfect from virus and bacteria. Sodium hypochlorite is used on a large scale as a disinfectant. For example in agriculture, chemical industries, paint-and-lime industries, food industries, glass industries, paper industries, pharmaceutical industries, synthetics industries and waste disposal industries. In the textile industry sodium hypochlorite is used to bleach textile. It is sometimes added to industrial waste water. This is done to reduce odors. Hypochlorite can be used to prevent algae and shellfish growth in cooling towers. In water treatment, hypochlorite is used to disinfect water. In households, hypochlorite is used frequently for the purification and disinfection of the house. It is considered to be the safe disinfectant.

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